A bunion is not a rare condition at all. In fact, this is a symptom associated with a disease called progressive bone disorder. A bunion can appear as a bump with a solid mass at the base of the joint of the big toe. Your foot and ankle specialist may describe this condition as hallux valgus as well. This particular condition might happen as a result of an issue associated with the structure of the bone found in the foot and toes. One of the obvious effects related to bunions is improperly lined up feet which makes you uncomfortable.
If your foot is affected with a bunion, you will be able to notice that it inclines towards your second toe without maintaining its natural, straight alignment. When your big toe compresses with the adjoining toe, you will see that the metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint (big toe joint) sticks out and make a weird formation.
What causes bunion?
Many experts believe that bunions are inherited. In other words, bunions can occur as a result of faulty mechanical structure which is inherited. However, below-mentioned factors can further increase the chances of getting bunions.
- If your feet have overpronation, you have a higher chance of getting bunions. In addition to that, the low arch can also be a substantial cause of bunion.
- If your feet or tendon don’t bear weight evenly, it can be a cause of bunions.
- If your big toe bone (metatarsophalangeal) joint moves unusually (which is called hypermobility), that can be a cause of bunions
- Some foot injuries can cause bunions
- Conditions like rheumatoid arthritis can cause bunions
- Any other condition that can weaken your nerves and muscles may cause bunions
In addition to that, if feet haven’t appropriately developed before birth, there is a higher chance of getting bunions. Experts also suggest that the chances of getting bunions can increase as a result of constant use of high-heeled shoes or too-narrow shoes.
Many studies suggest that bunion can be seen among about 50% of the adults and that explains how common this condition is.
Symptoms of bunions
You should immediately visit your foot and ankle specialist if you notice one or more of the following symptoms.
The most obvious symptom associated with bunion is a noticeable bump that occurs at the base of your big toe. However, this can also happen at the exact opposite; the base of the little toe. This condition is generally known as tailor’s bunion. In addition to that, the following symptoms might be a sign of bunion.
- Pain and noticeable soreness in the area
- Numbed areas (particularly along the big or small toe)
- Experiencing frequent burning sensation
- A swelling at the MTP (metatarsophalangeal) joint
- Thickened skin at the base of the toe
- Unusual hardness of the skin under the foot
- Noticeable redness
- Noticing conditions like corns or calluses
- A bump located at the base of the toe
- Difficulty in movement of the toe
If you leave bunions untreated for some time, they can cause more troubles as the time goes by. Therefore, the best thing to do after noticing a bunion or any of the symptoms mentioned above is to meet a foot and ankle specialist like Valley Foot & Ankle Center.