Ingrown toenail is when the toenail grows into the skin, usually at sides of the nail. Ingrown toenail irritates the skin, creating tenderness, redness, swelling and possibly an infection. Ingrown toenails in individuals with diabetes mellitus, poor circulation and / or immunocompromised can be very dangerous and they should seek immediate medical care.
Causes of ingrown toenails include:
- Improper toenail trimming (do not cut toenails too short, do not round the corners)
- Direct Trauma to the nail plate
- Wear shoes that are too tight or too small
- Nail Conditions. Fungal infections or losing a nail due to trauma.
- Trimming of nail (cut toenails straight across)
- Soaking your foot in warm water with Epsom salt.
- Antibiotics for infected ingrown nails
We strongly recommend you seek medical care if you are immunocompromised or have diabetes mellitus and / or poor circulation. Home treatment is strongly discouraged.
A foot and ankle specialist will select the treatment that is best suited for you. Most of the time a minor surgical procedure, often performed in the office, will ease the pain and remove the offending nail, acid may be applied to the nail root to prevent ingrown nail recurrence. If this procedure fails a more invasive procedure may be indicated, where the surgeon will remove the nail root surgically.
We encourage you to consult with an foot and ankle specialist for a complete assessment of your condition.
Dr. Jones Hormozi at Valley Foot & Ankle Center (VFAC) utilizes state-of-the-art technology, minimally invasive procedures, and advanced techniques to prevent and treat all conditions of the foot and ankle. This allows most patients to walk immediately after most procedures, and they are able to rapidly return to high levels of functioning with excellent outcomes.