Foot Fracture Surgery
The foot is very unique, with 26 bones in it altogether. These small bones support our weight and allow us to walk and run. Certain activities or injuries can cause a fracture, or “break,” in one or more of these bones. Foot fractures are very complex and different then any other fracture in the human body, due to the fact that foot bones are very small. Fractures of the foot can be diagnosed by x-rays or other studies. A foot and ankle surgeon can determine the best course of treatment for patients. Treatment plans can vary in every scenario. Determining factors for treatment plans include: the type of fracture, the area of the fracture, the stability of the fracture, and the overall health status o f the patient.
Foot surgery is usually an outpatient (same day) surgical procedure. The surgery can be performed under Monitor Anesthesia Care (MAC) which is light sedation with local anesthetic block, or General Anesthesia. Post-operatively, the foot is either placed in soft dressings with a removable surgical shoe, or a short leg cast.
If the foot fracture surgery is indicated, the fracture is reduced (reposition the fracture) into a normal alignment and position. Then screws and (or) plates will be used to hold the bone fragments together while they heal. In severe cases an external fixator (fixation on the outside of the body) may be uses for fixation in order to stabilize the ankle. Usually, it takes 6-8 weeks for the bone to heal.
Depending on the type and location of the foot fracture, patients may either be allowed to walk immediately, or be non weighting bearing after surgery. Most patients only experience pain for about 2-5 days after surgery, but everyone is different. Bone fracture usually heals within 6-8 weeks.